Tecniche di implantologia peniena (abstract)

Tecniche di implantologia peniena (abstract)

The Outcomes of Inflatable Penile Prosthesis Insertion in 247 Patiens Completing Female to Male Gender Reassigment Surgery

Falcone M1,2Garaffa G1Gillo A3Dente D1Christopher AN1Ralph DJ1.
Author information:
The Institute of Urology, University College London Hospitals, London, UK.
Urology Department, Città della Salute e della Scienza, Torino, Italy.
Urology Department, Parini Hospital, Aosta, Italy.



To assess the oucomes of penile prosthesis (PP) implantation after total phallic reconstruction secondary to gender dysphoria (GD).


We conducted a retrospective single center analysis of 247 consecutive patients. The recruitment time was between January 2001 and October 2015. A total of 328 inflatable PP were implanted. A two-staged inflatable PP implantation was carried out. As a first step, an extraperitoneal reservoir placement was performed simultaneously with the glans sculpture and the insertion of a single large testicular prosthesis into the labia majora. Subsequently the cylinder(s) and pump placement was performed. A Dacron envelope was fitted around the proximal and distal aspect of the cylinder(s) to anchor the device to the pubic bone and to prevent apical protrusion. The outcomes measured were postoperative complications, eventual need for revision surgery, and long-term survival of the implants. Patient and partner satisfaction rates were extrapolated from the administered non-validated questionnaires. The data was analyzed with non-parametric tests, a multivariate logistic regression analysis, and a Kaplan-Meier survival curve.


The average follow-up was 20 months. 88% of patients were satisfied with the result although only 77% used their device for sexual intercourse. The overall 5-year device survival was 78% with no one device being superior. Device infection occurred in 8.5% of patients with an overall revision rate of 43%. According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, only the type of phalloplasty significantly affected the infection risk (p = 0.013).


Penile prosthesis implantation into a neophallus is a complex procedure but yields high satisfaction rates. Nevertheless, complication rates are high and patients must be warned that multiple revisions will be necessary throughout their lifetime. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


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